The global influence of 21st-century cities is unprecedented

Successfully driving the world economy, they have become the biggest polluter of our only planet. They are now responsible for more than 75 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions and the primary cause of the climate emergency.

But what if cities are part of nature and the answer to the climate emergency?

In the recently published book, Biourbanism: Cities as Nature—A Resilience Model for Anthromes by Founder & Chief Design Officer, Adrian McGregor, we propose that they are.

Founded on landscape architecture and planetary science research, we define Biourbanism as a systems-based city model to assist mayors, city leaders, designers, planners, and citizens in better understanding the interconnected urban processes of their urban habitats.

Biourbanism proposes a paradigm shift in thinking by outlining why cities must be understood as a form of human-modified nature, or Anthrome. The model comprises five bio and five urban systems that can be visualised and managed through data, indicators, and digital twins.

To successfully manage the escalating risk of extreme climate impact to infrastructure, ecosystems and citizens, the time has come for governments, city leaders and asset managers to formulate resilience plans rapidly.

Utilising the Biourbanism model, urban thinkers can create resilience plans by harnessing climate datasets, mapping systems, predicting vulnerability and setting targets to establish priority initiatives. Utilising design thinking, planners can orchestrate mutually beneficial outcomes across the ten systems to enable cities to secure vibrant, healthy and prosperous futures.


The answer to the climate emergency is a rapid decarbonisation of the world’s 10,000+ cities and a shift in urban thinking to acknowledge that Homo sapiens and our cites are an intrinsic part of nature.

Learn about the Biourbanism Lab

In 2022, McGregor Coxall established the Biourbanism Lab in response to the escalating frequency and intensity of climate-related events impacting cities, regions, and communities. Applying Biourbanism principles to real-world problems, our Lab offers a practical solution to urban resilience.

Watch author Adrian McGregor present the book